Hot shortness mechanism and heat treatment of Cu containing carbon steel

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Number of pages: 15-24
Year-Number: 2021-1

Abstract

Hot shortness mechanism in low carbon steels is studied with 1.0% wt. Cu containing steel. Heat was prepared with rebar steel scrap and Cu billets. Slab was smelted in induction furnace and casted in resin mould. Casted sample was investigated with optical microscopy and chemical analysis was done with optical emission spectroscopy. Slab was heated up to 1200 oC and annealed for 1 hour before the hot rolling process. Hot rolling process was carried out with hot rolling press capacity of 25 tonnes for height reduction of 60%. Hot rolled slab was investigated with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques to observe the segregation of Cu. Hot rolled samples were heat treated at 800 oC, 900 oC and 1000 oC for 1 and 4 hours. Samples were cooled at air and water quenched. All samples were observed with optical microscopy and selected samples were examined with SEM. Segregation of Cu did not observe in as-cast samples but segregation was occurred in hot rolled slabs. Heat treatment decreased the segregation degree of Cu yet Cu particles were observed in microstructures.

Keywords

Abstract

Hot shortness mechanism in low carbon steels is studied with 1.0% wt. Cu containing steel. Heat was prepared with rebar steel scrap and Cu billets. Slab was smelted in induction furnace and casted in resin mould. Casted sample was investigated with optical microscopy and chemical analysis was done with optical emission spectroscopy. Slab was heated up to 1200 oC and annealed for 1 hour before the hot rolling process. Hot rolling process was carried out with hot rolling press capacity of 25 tonnes for height reduction of 60%. Hot rolled slab was investigated with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques to observe the segregation of Cu. Hot rolled samples were heat treated at 800 oC, 900 oC and 1000 oC for 1 and 4 hours. Samples were cooled at air and water quenched. All samples were observed with optical microscopy and selected samples were examined with SEM. Segregation of Cu did not observe in as-cast samples but segregation was occurred in hot rolled slabs. Heat treatment decreased the segregation degree of Cu yet Cu particles were observed in microstructures.

Keywords